Construct Details:

Source (3224):

Zhou, Jing (1998), "Feedback Valence, Feedback Style, Task Autonomy, and Achievement Oreintation: Interactive Effects on Creative Performance", Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 261-276.



  • Makes external constraints salient by emphasizing certain types of outcomes that the individual must obtain or certain levels of creativity he or she must achieve; stresses the demands and desires of an external force to obtain certain behavioral outcomes from the feedback recipient.